International Journal of Instruction, Technology, and Social Sciences <p>The International Journal of Instruction, Technology, and Social Science (IJITSS) is a peer-reviewed scholarly online journal. This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Authors alone are responsible for the contents of their articles. The journal owns the copyright of the articles. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand, or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of the research material. All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations regarding the submitted work.</p> NKN TECHNOLOGY RESOURCES en-US International Journal of Instruction, Technology, and Social Sciences 2716-6546 <p> All Right Reserved. Copyright © 2020</p> <p>All articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction provided that the authors, citation details and publisher are clearly identified. For any reuse or distribution, users must make clear that the article is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution license. </p> <p>If an article is accepted for publication in IJITSS journal, authors will be asked to submit a copyright form through the Open Journal System. Copyright Transfer Form. This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. A notification will be sent to the corresponding Author confirming receipt of the manuscript. It is the author's responsibility to ensure that his or her submitted work does not infringe any existing copyright. Authors should obtain permission to reproduce or adapt copyrighted material and provide evidence of approval upon submitting the final version of a manuscript.</p> Internet of Things: Applications and Challenges at Higher Learning Institutions <p>The Internet of Things (IoT) is an inovative system where internet is connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors and is rapidly making its way into higher learning institutions. By modifying how higher institutions gather data, interface with students and automate processes, the IoT has the potential of revolutionizing education. Universities may offer opportunities to magnify content delivery, augment learner and faculty interaction when IoT devices are utilized. Massive open online courses, online software application and education applications make students co-creators and active individuals in acquiring their knowledge and experience. However, many challenges such as Malware, Distributed Denial of Service, data storage, data security, privacy, decentralized network management and connectivity come along with the use of internet:. This conceptual paper offers suggestions to overcome these challenges to address future threats to IoT and provides directions for future research</p> Arumugam Raman Raamani Thannimalai Copyright (c) 2020 Arumugam Raman, Raamani Thannimalai 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 1 2 1 15 Improving Creativity of Product Designed by Engineering Undergraduates in Malaysia by Creative Thinking Skills Module <p>This research paper presents the outcome of a research conducted to assess and determine the effects of Creative Thinking Skills for Conceptual Engineering Design Module administered to engineering undergraduates at a private institution of higher learning. The Creative Thinking Skills Module features few proposed creative thinking tools such as Brain Sketching, Mind Maps and Morphological Analysis. The creativity of the product designed by engineering undergraduates was evaluated using revised Creative Solution Diagnosis Scale with 24 indicators. The outcome indicated that Creative Thinking Skills Module improved the Creativity of Product designed</p> Yaw Long Chua Balamuralithara Balakrishnan Pooi Ying Choong Yit Yan Koh Copyright (c) 2020 Yaw Long Chua, Balamuralithara Balakrishnan, Pooi Ying Choong, Yit Yan Koh 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 1 2 16 23 THE IMPLEMENTATION OF BALANCED SCORECARD (BSC) IN MEASURING PERFORMANCE IN MALAYSIA HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS <p>Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) under the Ministry of Education Malaysia (MOE) are considered as the catalysts for excellence in the national education sector. The education sector has always enjoyed the highest national development budget and this has proven that the government's commitment to the education is paramount. Growth rates for researching output and quality are among the highest in the world, and higher education institutions in Malaysia has achieved a strong ranking among their Asian counterparts. Malaysia must make adjustments, including transforming higher education systems to thrive in an increasingly challenging global economic environment. Therefore, a form of performance assessment mechanism needs to be developed to evaluate on the performance and quality of services delivered in line with the goals set. The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is one of the most widely used assessment instruments in assessing the performance on the institution. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to highlight the importance of BSC in&nbsp;the measuring&nbsp;performance in the Malaysia&nbsp;HEIs. Many previous studies have been conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of BSC especially in corporate companies and the results of these studies show that BSC has a positive and beneficial impact on the organization. However, there are still fewer studies which involve the Malaysia HEIs in conducting BSC-based performance evaluations. In addition, a strategic map will be developed to guide the implementation of BSC in Malaysia HEIs. When implemented, it is hoped that the BSC can be used by management to assist in the implementation of long-term strategies as a tool in monitoring and evaluating the performance of Malaysia HEIs in addition to preparing for future educational challenges</p> Mohamad Suwardi Mohamad Yusof Copyright (c) 2020 Mohamad Suwardi Mohamad Yusof 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 1 2 24 35 Assessing Knowledge Management In Teacher Education <p>Knowledge management should be the limelight in order to produce more competent teacher educators in Teacher Education Institutes.&nbsp; Precisely, knowledge management is an information technology competency that should be developed to produce smart and knowledgeable generation. Align with this, approaches on encouraging knowledge management in teacher education are found to be very significant in producing more resourceful teachers.&nbsp; Despite the significance of knowledge management in teacher education, valid instruments have proven yet to be developed. Hence, the main aim of this study was to develop a valid instrument to assess knowledge management among teacher educators. A survey encompassed 100 teacher educators was carried out in Malaysian Teacher Education Institutes.&nbsp; An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was employed to identify the underlying factors. Result of EFA formed Knowledge Management Practice Inventory (KMPI) comprised of 22 items which explained 78.477% of the total cumulative variance.&nbsp; Based on these findings, KMPI can be used as a valid instrument to assess knowledge management among teacher educators in Teacher Education Institutes.&nbsp; Besides, it provides comprehensive guidelines for leaders to organize intensive training on knowledge management in Teacher Education Institutes</p> SUGUNAH SUPERMANE Ahmad Zainal Copyright (c) 2020 SUGUNAH SUPERMANE, Ahmad Zainal 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 1 2 36 40